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COURTS   OF   PARIS,   NAPLES,   ETC.                 47

the Court eating its words, or that fear of chas-
tisement will bring the Parliamentarians on their
knees. We shall see whether violence and des-
potism will prevail. I do not think there is
steadiness, spirit, or union requisite for a revo-
lution to be found in the French nation.1 All will
depend on the perseverance of the ministry and
the temper of the army.

6th. MM. d'Espremenil and Goilard were
ordered to be arrested by lettres de cachet] the
first for urging the Parliament to make the arrete
and laying before it copies of the Garde des
Sceaux's plans (which he had procured by stealth
from the King's press at Versailles) ; the other
for denouncing the amplification of the vingtieme*
Both made their escape and came to the Parlia-
ment House, which was soon afterwards invested
by three thousand five hundred Swiss and French
guards, who locked the gates and kept all within

1  The bloody tragedy that shortly ensued proved the fal-
lacy of this judgment—if, indeed, the noble epithets of steadi-
ness, spirit and union can be applied to the execrable display
of implacable madness and sanguinary combination that per-
verted the vast majority of the French people, until Napoleon
rose and once more enchained them.

2  The vingtilme was a tax first imposed in the year 1741,
and was somewhat similar to an income-tax in its operations.
It was afterwards applied in a more direct manner to inheri-
tances, bequests, &c,, &c.